Wallpaper is the most common and practical finishing material

Wallpaper is the most common and practical finishing material

The idea of using various coatings as decoration and insulation of the walls of the house is not new. Since ancient times, people have hung carpets, tapestries on the walls, covered and upholstered the walls with tight fabric curtains. All these things can rightfully be considered the distant progenitors of wallpaper.

Paper wallpaper as a decoration material first appeared in China in the II century AD. It was the period when it became the tradition to hang on the interior walls of wealthy houses with wide canvases of paper with a pattern applied to them. At the same time, fabric wallpapers and tapestries were in use in Europe: the image was woven or drawn on finished canvases with which the walls of castles and palaces were upholstered.

Today wallpaper is one of the most widespread, practical, and convenient finishing materials. They bring countless possibilities to translate design ideas, from classics to avant-garde. And if earlier wallpaper was considered as very expensive interior decoration, today everyone can afford it. Factories flood the market with a huge amount of wallpapers of all types and colors. Meanwhile, production by the old classical methods - handmade is still highly valued.

Wallpaper: will it be easy to care for them?

Any finishing material needs care, and wallpaper is no exception. Dust accumulates on them; they stain by the touch; little children love to use them as a canvas for drawing. Therefore, when choosing wallpaper, you must first of all pay attention to whether it will be easy to care for them.
Wallpaper can be divided into ordinary, washable, moisture-proof, and super-washable.

• Ordinary wallpaper - dry clean only, for example with a soft brush and vacuum cleaner. The ingress of moisture leads to damage: the pattern is washed off, the material of the wallpaper is destroyed. It applies to paper wallpapers as well as almost all types of fabric wallpapers. Moisture-resistant wallpaper can be wiped with a damp cloth, without the use of detergents, only to remove dust.

• Washable wallpaper can be washed, as the name suggests. For this purpose, you can use non-aggressive detergents, for example, a solution of laundry soap.

• Super washable wallpaper can be washed with aggressive detergents besides you can use hard brushes. Neither the pattern nor the texture of such wallpaper suffers.

• Plain wallpapers are perfect for dry rooms, and super-washable ones can be used to hang on in the kitchen and bathroom.

If a hundred years ago wallpaper was made either from paper or fabric, today technologies allow the use of a variety of materials. There is no need to talk about colors. All possible and impossible options are presented so widely today that it is like an embarrassment of riches.

All wallpapers are available in two types: single-layer (or simplex) and two-layer (or duplex). Single-layer wallpaper has one layer of material with a pattern or embossing. Two-layer consists of two layers: a layer with a pattern and a lower one, which is glued to the wall. Two-layer wallpaper is more durable but heavier.